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Music
Matliisa Jansson-Lehtinen and Tiina Tuulasvaara-Kaleva

Tampere's music life was characterised by a large number of enthusiasts both among the educated class and the working population: in addition to reading interests, factories had orchestras, choirs and acting groups. The factories had their own schools whose teachers were the heralds of the education movement, encouraging their pupils in their musical interests; several important figures in music life came directly from the factory schools. In the 1870s concerts attracted large audiences and the newly founded orchestra played the easy melodies of enlightenment at workers' concerts.

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The concerts began to change into institutions, professionalism got more common and commercialisation affected the choice of the performers. Popular performers played and sang light dance tunes and folk songs in restaurants and movie theatres, while the more solemn music could be heard in churches and schools. Tampere Orchestra was founded in 1929, and in the 1940s it became the municipal Tampere City Orchestra.

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Lighter music attracted the townspeople to song festivals at Pyynikki already in the nineteenth century. The workers' association regularly arranged dancing at Viikinsaari Island in Pyhäjärvi since the 1930s. Entertainment orchestras made people dance also at the open-air dance floors of Reuharinniemi and Liisankallio, as well as in several restaurants. In the 1950s the musical taste of the young people differentiated into an independent music culture. In the 1960s the magazine Soundi was founded for them in Tampere, and Manserock developed into a phenomenon vitalising Finland's youth music since the 1970s.
 

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