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[MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING] - [HEALTH] - [SOCIAL ASSITANCE] - [EDUCATION]

Health
Tiina Tuulasvaara-Kaleva

Tampere had a midwife already during the years of Tampere's founding. A district physician took up residence in town in the closing years of the eighteenth century. However, he could not spare the time to nurse Tampere inhabitants. In everyday problems the people turned to the pharmacist and the midwife until the town got its own barber-surgeon in 1819. The Finlayson factory patron provided nursing for his workers already in the 1840s. Due to the patron's initiative, the first hospital in Tampere was founded in 1848 with government support. The city paid the salary of the hospital physician. The public health committee began to develop the city's health conditions in earnest in the 1880s. Migratory nurses, health officers, an isolation hospital in Nalkala, a hospital for the poor and a mental hospital in Koukkuniemi were all introduced during this decade.

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At the beginning of Finland's independence the number of public health professionals had grown and the work had become more versatile. Tampere boasted among others school physicians, dentists, inoculators, a maternity hospital, Finlayson factory hospital and the city's special hospitals. The officials also inspected the goods trade and the adherence to sanitary regulations at work places. Hatanpää area was purchased in 1916 and city hospitals were located on the former manor grounds. Public health services developed alongside the nursing. Child welfare clinic activities began in Tampere already in the 1930s. The central hospital maintained jointly by government and the federation of municipalities was built in 1961 - later it turned into Tampere university hospital providing medical education. The 1970s saw the rise of municipal health centres whose services were free of charge until the 1990s. Rehabilitation and non-institutional public health services have been increased and improved since the 1970s.

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