the rapids1897
heavy 1480kt
light 646kt


National landscape
Tiina Tuulasvaara-Kaleva

Frenckell paper factory was the first one to cease its operation on the bank of the rapids. The city bought the area in 1928 and organised a town plan competition to draw a new plan for it. The industrial buildings were to be demolished, but the realisation of the plans was postponed and the area remained intact. City offices moved to the buildings.

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The next radical changes by the banks of the rapids took place at the turn of the 1960s and the 1970s. The cloth factory confronted the need for change in the world market and decided to concentrate on technical textiles. It was impossible to house the long machines required by the new technology into the tall factory buildings, and the factory moved out from the city centre. The area and the buildings were now vacant. This was the beginning of Finland's first significant debate on the protection of industrial milieus, a debate that lasted more than two decades. What remained of the factory on the bank of the rapids were the dye works dating to the 1850s and an office building from the 1890s, both purchased by the city, but a new commercial and trade centre was built in the area. The next areas to face a change were the areas of Finlayson and Tampella, who stopped their industrial operation by the beginning of the 1990s. A part of the Finlayson area buildings were protected, and new kinds of activities including schools, restaurants, cultural activities and new media businesses moved to the old factory halls. In the Tampella area the buildings next to the rapids were protected and got new lodgers; Court House and Museum Centre Vapriikki. Today the pasteboard factory Tako still operates in the city centre, still making use of the water power plant in the lower part of the rapids. The other power stations in the rapids are controlled by the city. The industrial milieus of Tammerkoski have been declared national landscapes, as they tell their own, unique stories about the history of Finland's industrialisation.

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